Risk Assessment And Management At Deseret Chemical Depot And The Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility

Category: Law

Posted on 2007-05-14, updated at 2007-05-27. By anonymous.


Introduction and Background


Description of the Chemical Agent and Munitions Stockpile


For more than 50 years, the United States has maintained a stockpile of chemical agents and munitions distributed among eight sites within the continental United States and at Johnston Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. Two basic types of chemical agents comprise the stockpile: neurotoxic (nerve) agents and mustard (blister) agents. Both types are frequently, and erroneously, referred to as "gases" even though they are liquids at normal temperature and pressure.


The nerve agents include the organic phosphorus compounds designated as VX, GB (Sarin), and GA (Tabun). These chemicals present a significant toxic hazard because of their action on the nervous systems of humans and animals through inhibition of the acetyl-cholinesterase enzyme. They are both considered extremely toxic. VX is more acutely toxic than GB, but the latter represents a greater potential hazard because of its higher volatility (about the same as water) and, thus, the greater likelihood of its being inhaled. Chronic health effects and cancer from low-level exposures have not been associated with nerve agents or with chemically (and toxicologically) similar commercially available organic phosphorus insecticides (Leffingwell, 1993). Only short-term symptoms have been documented in individuals who survive exposure to nerve agents.


The mustards (designated H [nondistilled mustard], HD [distilled mustard], and HT [thickened mustard]) do not present significant acute lethal hazards. Their principal effect is severe blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. They have been implicated as being carcinogenic, however, and may present a cancer hazard to individuals exposed acutely (Leffingwell, 1993; IOM, 1993). The estimates for induced cancers from accidental agent exposures only consider mustard agents.


Chemical agents, after being fully dispersed, do not tend to persist in the environment because their relatively simple chemical structures tend to undergo hydrolysis in humid climates. However, in extremely dry desert climates, they can remain for a considerable period of time (U.S. Army, 1988).


The chemical agents in the U.S. stockpile are stored in a variety of containment systems, including bulk (ton) containers, rockets, projectiles, mines, bombs, cartridges, and spray tanks. Figure 1-1 summarizes the stockpile configuration as of 1996 for the eight continental U.S. sites by agent, munition, and containment system (OTA, 1992; NRC, 1996a).


Read More

Sponsored High Speed Downloads
6471 dl's @ 3739 KB/s
Download Now [Full Version]
6217 dl's @ 3418 KB/s
Download Link 1 - Fast Download
9567 dl's @ 2630 KB/s
Download Mirror - Direct Download

Search More...
Risk Assessment And Management At Deseret Chemical Depot And The Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility

Search free ebooks in ebookee.com!

Download this book

No active download links here?
Please check the description for download links if any or do a search to find alternative books.

Related Books

  1. Ebooks list page : 96
  2. 2021-04-03ISO/IEC 27001:2013 - Mastering Risk Assessment and the Statement of Applicability
  3. 2011-11-20Assessment of Processing Gelled GB M55 Rockets at Anniston
  4. 2011-10-02Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment
  5. 2019-12-31Knowledge in Risk Assessment and Management
  6. 2019-01-31Forensic Assessment of Violence Risk A Guide for Risk Assessment and Risk Management
  7. 2019-01-31Environmental Risk Assessment and Management from a Landscape Perspective
  8. 2019-01-30Security Risk Assessment and Management A Professional Practice Guide for Protecting Buildings an
  9. 2019-01-23Forensic Assessment of Violence Risk A Guide for Risk Assessment and Risk Management
  10. 2019-01-23Environmental Risk Assessment and Management from a Landscape Perspective
  11. 2018-12-04A Clinician's Guide to Suicide Risk Assessment and Management
  12. 2018-07-14Nanotoxicology Toxicity Evaluation, Risk Assessment and Management
  13. 2018-05-31Risk Assessment and Management - Removed
  14. 2018-05-28Risk Assessment and Management - Removed
  15. 2018-05-13Knowledge in Risk Assessment and Management
  16. 2018-05-09Knowledge in Risk Assessment and Management
  17. 2018-01-05[PDF] Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management
  18. 2017-12-09[PDF] Environmental and Health Risk Assessment and Management: Principles and Practices (Environmental Pollution) - Removed
  19. 2017-11-18[PDF] Violence Risk - Assessment and Management: Advances Through Structured Professional Judgement and Sequential Redirections
  20. 2017-11-01Invasive Species: Risk Assessment and Management


No comments for "Risk Assessment And Management At Deseret Chemical Depot And The Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility".

    Add Your Comments
    1. Download links and password may be in the description section, read description carefully!
    2. Do a search to find mirrors if no download links or dead links.
    Back to Top